Publication Ethics.

Research is a phenomenon that demands aptitude and perseverance, supplemented by intellectual potential, zeal and zest. The epicenter of this phenomenon lies deep in human wisdom, where as ‘necessity’ and ‘curiosity ’ serve as driving  force to trigger the human instincts to challenge nature.

Publication of research paper makes sense only when every segment of the paper conveys  mind of the author to the reader in letter and spirit. The literature available in this respect, serves as a springboard for a creative mind to plunge into the pool of information in a particular field of study and thus to enter into the main stream of the world of knowledge.

Survey of literature plays a pivotal role in establishing links with the past before embarking upon a new era of investigations.

The publication of research work as a ‘paper’ reverberates in history to deliver knowledge from generation to generation. The mode of writing thus needs to be inspiring and suggestive; tempting vibrant and fertile mind to derive the best out of the contents of the paper for further investigations.Writing a research paper is an art to portray every segment of paper with an aesthetic approach to be appealing.

At the same time, the ethics of publication, thus, demand that the publication must be trustworthy, rectified, free of laborious and irrelevant matter.

In the arena of research publications in general, unfortunately, the delinquency and malpractices have been a matter of growing concern over the years. The checks and balances applied to prevent these illegal and immoral tendencies have proved literally to be inefficient to filter out this pollution from research literature, particularly the plagiarism like an epidemic has grossly masked the sanctity of literature.

Transferring knowledge to descending generations of scientists, it is an ethical and moral obligation of the executive board of any journal to pursue a policy so that the research literature trickles down to the next generation in its richest and disciplined form.

It is an irony of fate that the literature, remains vulnerable to unhealthy tendencies, particularly plagiarism. Despite checks and balances in vogue, for this purpose, show only approximate response to counter this malignancy. The softwares in practice to identify plagiarism incidentally, have limitations to detect similarity index.

For example, on the other hand, the language based plagiarism is an efficient tool in the hands of plagiarists. A writer, having good command on the language in which paper is written, has been found to  reduce plagiarism successfully to a reasonable extent just by altering the grammar, successfully, keeping the sense of each paragraph intact and the meaning undisturbed. The plagiarists, by and large, have been mocking the preventive measures by exploiting this method skillfully. Evidently, there seems to be no stick yard to measure the plagiarized segments of the paper with precision.

However, to ensure the sanctity and higher values of scientific research literature from malpractices, contamination, falsification, manipulation, plagiarism, encroachments of other’s work, etc., it becomes mandatory for the executive channels of the journal to exploit all possible means to frustrate the designs of plagiarists.

Publication ethics demand that the publisher should feel morally bound to check these immoral tendencies in the larger interest of sanctified literature by evolving some additional measures. Science International in this respect is looking forward in this direction to evolve some improvised approach to neutralize these tendencies, or at least discouraging these mockries

Secondly, The peer review process is the core issue of the quality assessment of research papers. Internationally, the present system of peer review processing of research papers in vogue; (two favorable reports out of three), does serve the purpose of quality assurance in general yet, it leaves flaws due to human errors to be addressed and modified. Despite impartial treatment by the reviewers, it has been observed that this exercise serves a partial fulfillment of objectives. Some the filtration process, thus, deems necessary to be practiced to purify the end product of the paper. 

In this perspective, Science International, being an open access journal, feels privileged to be looking forward to envisage an improvised system, that is, inviting constructive criticism from readers all over the world at any stage of the publication.

Science International, in this regard, remains committed in letter and spirit to prevent the evil practices by imposing stringent measures.

The following regulations are, thus, emphasized to be strictly observed by the authors keeping in mind all ethical values in the perspective of the policy of the journal in this respect.

1.     Submission of an article be accompanied by an undertaking that the paper has not been submitted elsewhere in full or short form or rejected or plagiarized.

  1. It is incumbent on writers to be conscious of plagiarism.
  2. Not to encroach the intellectual property of others; a moral obligation..
  3. It is important for the writers not to abuse patented material, trade secrets/marks, private interests or any form of copyright information.
  4. It is a pre-requisite for the writer to be just and honest in the projection of his own work.
  5. The paper should reach its destination composed, strictly in conformity with the style sheet (template) and instructions provided on our site on the page SUBMISSION GUIDE LINE.
  6. Violation of ethics will be considered as an immoral act consequently leading to blacklisting of the author.
  7. To qualify for publication, recommendation of review committee of the journal is a final step.
  8. Names of coauthors on the paper must be genuine and restricted to reasonable numbers.

 Tips to Authors.

Before embarking upon the project undertaken by the author, the  author is bound to  be equipped with the spirit, norms and ethics of research methodology; a subject that helps knitting  the fabric of information gathered by the author through his academic or experimental means.

Author is expected to have acquaintance with the categories of research publications,

i.                 A research paper is a comprehensive layout of one’s study and interpretation, of results. It is categorized as ‘paper’ only when there is some novelty or innovation  afloat.

ii.               Short Communication: Is  the presentation of some significant results instantaneously found and need an immediate dispensation so that others know the results achieved.

iii.             Review Article: Review article is an attempt of the author to summarize the current state of understanding in the perspective of the past literature in a particular field of study. Incorporating his own convictions on the subject, establishing links between past and present and manipulating trends of research in a specific field of research.

iv.             A research report is confined to the results of analysis  pertaining to a limited sphere or area achieved by physical and chemical means.

It is obligatory for the author to maintain the sagacity, sanctity and on top the aesthetic values of the presentation of  research work. 

The author should not compromise on linguistic or typographic errors. While  writing a paper, the author must bear in mind the syntax, diction that helps the reader to comprehend every cross section of his literary presentation.

Authors at the same time, should thus, feel responsible that the language must be simple to convey the exact sense of each paragraph in the spirit of his research project.

Resolution and interpretation of experimental results, in graphic and tabulated form, be well inferred to preserve the narrative of the experimental exercise

The discussion part, in particular, be lucid and conclusion convincing in conformity with the objectives of the research project.. 

Authors are bound to abide by the rules of publication, laid down as per policy of the journal,.

Ethics for reviewers

A blind review processing of a research paper is the core issue before the publication of a paper, as the report of the referee remains to be the deciding factor in the publication of a paper.

A referee, as an expert,  is obliged  to review the paper submitted for evaluation  in compliance with the moral values entrusted and asserted by international norms to help filtering the subject lapses or typographic errors in the paper.

On top the reviewer is morally bound to maintain the secrecy of his comments.